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About Haroun

Bismillah.... Salaam Alaikum, this is me Harun Mohamed from Yemen, and nationality is Somali I love life & strive to continue to learn & grow everyday. I'm very friendly, social, honest, truthful, caring, & gentle guy. I have a big heart for everyone & especially those closest to me. I love my family & friends & always willing to help people. I like to be active, working out, & consultant for the refugees’ and supporting Registration and health conscious, I DON'T LIKE COFFEE!! or pop, but enjoy my vitamins :) I'm an entrepreneur at heart & seek for success in life. I believe that we can't ever know enough people & that every person can be a great benefit to our lives. I love to smile, laugh, & have a good time. Life is too short to live it unhappy. "Love what you do or change it." I'm hoping to meet some great people & maybe ever meet my future love. I look forward to talk & meeting you. If you want to talk don't just wink, email me at haaruunali@aol.com
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  2. haaruunali says:

    IDP INTERAGENCY HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE IN SOUTHERN YEMEN
    JUNE 2011

    SITUATION ANALYSIS
    Following the Arab uprising, Yemen population started civil demonstrations and disobedience since January 2011 in many cities throughout the country. The security forces have been trying to stop this situation, however with no success, and sometimes clashes between demonstrators and security forces have resulted into deaths and a lot of injuries. So far media reports have reported that over 200 persons have been killed.
    Whereas the demonstrations and clashes continue; over the last three weeks there has been escalation of violence marred by killing in Aden and Abyan Governorate. For the first time in Aden City, two incidents of VBIED (Vehicle Born Improvised Explosive Device) and IEDs attacks were reported targeting security/military personnel during this week. The attacks were tactically well plotted, killing three soldiers and a military commander. The first attack that targeted a group of soldiers who had been posted near Caltex Round came just following the armed clashes between participants of Ahmed Darwish’s funeral and the security forces at the Roundabout on Friday. The second attack was carried out by an IED that had been planted on a car of a military commander and was detonated in a residential area of Al-Mansoora District. It’s of note that similar attack took place two weeks ago and caused the death of a high ranking military officer. Anti-regime activates are ongoing, including demonstrations and sit-ins, they the number of participants has reduced gradually.
    In the southern Governorate of Abyan armed groups locally know as Mujaheedin have been fighting government forces resulting in large scale displacements to other governorates from Ja’ar and Shukra to Aden, Lahj and some safer areas in the Abyan Governorate like Ahwar and Lowder districts; displacing approximately 72,000 persons. The districts mostly affected by the fighting and displacement include Khanfar and Zinjibar districts. All villages in Zinjibar have been affected, estimated that 95% of the population has been displaced. The villages of Al-Kood and Ge’ar of Khanfar District have also been largely affected. For the moment Abyan and Zinjibar remains inaccessible due to ongoing violence.
    While fears about the armed militants taking over the City appear overwhelming the local population, officials in Aden Security Operations believe that the materialization of such doubts is not very much feasible, at least for the short term, unlike most parts Abyan and Shabwa Governorates and that’s due to the large security and military establishments in the City and heavy deployment of military troops lying 10 KM from Aden City towards Zinjubar City in addition to the geographical and social structures of the city.
    The violence has also spread to Lahj Governorate. On 14 June 2011 gun men attached the bank, security forces and police in Al Houtha at around 0300 a.m. However the Government forces regained control and repulsed them and the situation has since remained calm up to now.

    The level of displacement is still not fully assessed as there is no access to the affected areas due to continued fighting; however we have access to IDPs who have fled to Aden. 2835 IDP families have been hosted in 46 schools and approx.3500 IDP families have been identified living with host communities in Aden. The total IDPs families registered by 3 July 2011 are 8.877 families in Aden, Lahj and Ahwar, in total it is around 46.500 individuals.
    Lahj has hosted 2419 families comprising of 11890 individuals IDPs distributed in two districts (Al-Hawtta and Tuban District); who are mainly hosted by houses within 45 villages and 24 small schools.
    In addition, the displacement has resulted in the uprooting some of the refugees already integrated in communities in Abyan and solutions are being sought to respond to their humanitarian needs in the short term.

    A large number of IDPs have lost their livelihoods. The WFP assessment indicate that more than half of the households surveyed left their houses behind without taking their own assets as well as their clothes etc. In addition many IDP households who we interviewed sold out some of their assets such as gold, silver, livestock as coping strategies so as to meet their immediate livelihood requirements and for paying rental car fares to escape their affected areas as a result of the armed clashes.

    As the security situation continues to deteriorate coupled with civil disobedience, the economy is being damaged as many socio-economic activities are disrupted. Fuel shortage is still remaining the main concern of the local population due to long queues of cars that are seen continuously at public and private gas stations. Although the City is relatively better than other governorates, the fuel shortage has become one of the factors to increased crime. Media outlets reported on 24th June that sellers of the oil fired at the Revolution Camp after the “People’s Committees” prevented the former to sell oil on the black market which led to the death of the head of the Camp.

    A humanitarian response system has been established. The cluster approach has been activated including, UN, Government, Civil Society and NGOs. The main partners engaged include; Unicef, WHO, WFP, SC, DRC, ADRA, SHS, CSSW, CARE, SAD, ADPSN, Intersos, ICRC, MSF, IR, Al Hesan, Aden and Abyan Governorate authorities and volunteer civil society groups.
    A coordination structure has been put in place. Individual cluster meetings are held daily and once a week all clusters meet at UNHCR to coordinate the humanitarian response. The clusters are organized as follows;
    o WASH-UNICEF (Lead), CARE, ICRC, Save children, Oxfam, WHO, Government water departments and cleaning fund (Wednesdays at 12am)
    o Protection/Registration/Security/Community Organisation-UNHCR (Lead), UNICEF, SC, DRC, Intersos, IOM, ADRA, ICRC, Government authorities (Aden, Abyan) (Sundays at 2pm)
    o Child protection Working group UNICEF (Lead), UNHCR, Save the children, Intersos, CSSSW, MOSAL, and other local NGO’s (Wednesdays at 10am)
    o Coordination(CCCM)-UNHCR(Lead)-Overall Coordination of IDP Humanitarian Response (Wednesdays at 2 pm)
    o NFIs/Emergency shelter-UNHCR(Lead), SHS, DRC, SC, Government Authorities(Aden, Abyan), IOM, ICRC (same day & time as protection cluster)
    o Food-WFP(Lead), SHS, Civil society, Volunteer groups (Wednesdays at 4pm)
    o Nutrition Cluster, UNICEF (Lead), WFP, MSF, ICRC, WHO, MoPH and Local NGO’s (Mondays at 11am)
    o Health-WHO (Lead), CSSW, Al Hesan, MOH, YRC, MC, MSF, UNICEF (Wednesdays at 11am)

    Provision of humanitarian assistance by UN, NGOs and civil society groups is on going based on daily assessment of new arrivals by around 10 assessment teams. The Humanitarian team is supported in terms of needs assessment, provision of security and community organization by the newly created Government Executive Operations Team. The assistance provided includes; medical care, providing water and sanitation, food and non food items, psychosocial support, community mobilization and organization, identification and support to vulnerable community groups.

    Through OCHA, new humanitarian resources are being mobilized to respond to the emerging needs by design and submissions of projects for CERF and ERF funding. Private donations are also key part of resources mobilization.

    ASSESSMENT OF HUMANITARIAN NEEDS

    Due to the continued flow of IDPs rapid assessment and analysis of information are ongoing aimed at determining IDP humanitarian needs so as to plan an appropriate response. The main objectives of the RAs include;

    o Determination of shelter/NFIs needs for all IDPs with particular focus on vulnerable cases
    o Determining food needs for vulnerable IDPs
    o Understanding protection concerns( for various community groups) affecting IDP especially vulnerable groups like women and children, and persons with special needs
    o Determining health care needs and prevention of any disease outbreaks
    o Determining the water, sanitation and hygiene conditions for IDPs
    o Identification of gaps in delivery of humanitarian response

    The assessment of humanitarian needs has been conducted using various qualitative and quantitative approaches/methods by inter agency teams under individual clusters covering Lahj, Aden and Abyan including;
    o Rapid assessment questionnaires designed to collect information from individual families on all sectors; protection, WASH, NFIs, Health and food. Interagency mobile teams go everyday to school to register IDPs collecting information of head of household name; age (6-18 yrs, >18 yrs, 0-5 years, family size, sex, are of origin, current address, vulnerability, basic needs by priority and any protection concerns from the IDPs. Following registration through rapid assessment and verification of information, and entry of information in the database, all lists are shared with partners who then mobilize resources within 48 hours to carry out distribution of assistance and other support needed.
    o Individual interviews are conducted with persons selected at random to understand in dept the needs and concerns
    o Meetings with key informants i.e. representatives of local authorities e.g. (members of local council, public health office, MOE education office, meeting with volunteers youth/persons, meeting with the owners of groceries surrounding the displacement centres, traders/businessmen, charitable societies/organizations.
    o The government website has be source of secondary data for IDPs in Abyan Governorate
    o Specialised technical teams conduct follow up assessments for food, health, WASH, protection/child protection, Nutrition, shelter/NFIs

    COORDINATION OF ASSISTANCE/FUNDING CLUSTER
    Humanitarian needs/response
    o Cluster coordination system has been established. The coordination is led by cluster leads and overall coordination is done by UNHCR on request from the DO.
    o A joint mission of Government comprising of several humanitarian organizations conducted an evaluation mission as part of the coordination effort.
    o Through the clusters continuous needs assessments are conducted and responses designed appropriately.
    o Proposals are being submitted to OCHA under ERF and CERF funding, proposal development is coordinated under the clusters.
    Challenges/gaps
    o IDPs are moving between the schools and also from host community to school and back, it is not easy to monitor their assistance
    o A lack of constant fuel supply to continue humanitarian activities.
    o ERF/CERF funding process is very slow, some proposals of the agencies still didn’t get through
    o IDPs living with host families have been identified but not located so the provision of assistance has been provided by some agencies on adhoc basis.
    o There is no link between the clusters that needs to be created in order to be able to address effective response, f.e. WASH cluster collaborating closely with Health cluster, who is providing information about the prevalence of WASH related diseases
    o No common mapping was conducted in order to be sure who is active where and how

    Summary of next steps/recommendations
    o Continue regular inter-agency meetings for the purpose of coordinating efforts to enhance relief operations in all aspects and avoid duplications in assistance delivery.
    o Rapid assessment team needs to continue field visits for follow up and data collection. Need to form distribution committee consisting of GoY, UN agencies and security as well.
    o Committees of GoY representatives from the governorates of Aden and Abyan are needed which would in return assist in timely provision of contingency assistance by criteria especially to those IDPs with special needs.
    o Make a mapping of activities for each cluster incl. information who does what and where
    o Create a map for the use of Clusters and all implementing partners in order to be able to easily locate the presence and type of activity of each cluster member so that in case of any emergency it is easy to address the response need to the partner who is already present
    o Make all IDPs aware of what kind of assistance is provided by each & every humanitarian aid agency through an IDP centre where all the needs can be accumulated and addressed straight to corresponding clusters
    o Carryout a registration/assessment with the help of the GOY to ascertain the needs of the displaced living with host families and the locations where are they residing
    o Issue an IDs for all IDPs so that they can request humanitarian assistance once they are already registered
    o Need to identify resources for the recovery stage to support the IDPs once they are position to return
    o Information on the IDPs who have fled to areas beyond Zinjibar is limited and therefore needs to verify information through any sources
    o There is a greater need to establish humanitarian access to certain areas affected by the conflict to assess the conditions of the effected population.
    o Resources mobilisation for IDP humanitarian response has to be stepped.

    HEALTH CLUSTER

    Humanitarian needs/response
    The main needs in the health cluster are; provision of basic health care to IDPs and host community, Activate Early Warning System and Rapid Response to Disease Outbreak, and enhance the related health services to cope with increasing needs. The following response has been registered under the Health Cluster:

    o Health cluster meeting is convened twice a week co-chaired by WHO and department of health in Aden.
    o The joint WHO/ MoPHP health education and households’ chlorination campaign continued in Ja,ar, Alhosn, Bates, Almakhzan, Alrwa’a Obr Othman, Alderjaj , Almnuh (in Khanfar district ) and Shuqra in Ahwar District. 2400 households, suffering from severe shortage of safe drinking water and reporting most of the diarrhea cases, were visited by 20 community volunteers. The chlorinate tablets would be sufficient for 9 days only. Oral Rehydration Solutions (ORS) were distributed to the families.
    o In order to implement sustainable solution, WHO and Local Water Authority are organizing training for volunteers from the local community on chlorination of the water wells in the above mentioned 9 areas which constitute 60,000 population and 20 wells will be covered.
    o As of 30th June, more than 4268 medical consultations were provided through the 6 WHO-supported mobile teams in Aden, Lahaj and Abyan (Shukra) Governorates. Diarrhea, Respiratory Tract and skin infections remained main causes of consultations.
    o The diarrheal outbreak in Abyan continued. Surveillance system is gaining momentum and the reporting sites which are reporting on daily basis increased from 27 to 30 by adding 3 sites in Abyan Governorate. As of 30th June the 30 reporting sites (5 in Abyan, 6 in Lahaj and 19 in Aden) reported 1,813 cases (1,197 in Abyan from 15th May to 30th June, 171 in Lahaj from 19th June to 30th June and 445 in Aden from 19th June to 30th June) diarrhea patients. The diarrhea cases among local hosting communities in Aden and Lahaj Governorates are within the normal limit of the same period of the year.
    o The data collected from five reporting sites in Khanfer district shows that the main problem is in Al-Hoson and Ba’a Tas areas of the district. Last week out of 304 cases reported, 191 cases are from these areas (117 cases from Al-Hoson and 74 from Ba’aTas). These two areas have been targeted by the social mobilization and chlorination campaign.
    o The IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood illness) training for mobile teams is starting on 3rd July. The teams will also be trained on nutritional surveillance and referral of malnourished children to nearby health facilities. This training is supported by WHO and implemented by WHO trainers.
    o WHO-supported rehydration center at Al Jumhuria hospital is expected to be functional by the Friday 8th July. WHO has renovated the 24 ward bed ward by rehabilitating the sewage system, latrines painting and provision of equipment and supplies.
    o WHO, in delivered out patients pediatric medicines (antibiotic, analgesic, ORS) to Al Wahda University Teaching Hospital providing basic and referral services to IDP children.
    o The rehabilitation work in 15 IDP hosting schools in Aden was completed by WHO WASH team. The rehabilitation included the water tanks, latrines, sewage system, hand washing facilities and installation of cold water dispensers (donated by businessmen to local water authority).
    o During the WHO-supported mass vaccination campaign for measles and Polio, which was conducted during the week 25th to 30th June, a total of 18,494 and 17,566 children were vaccinated against polio and Measles. Moreover, 16,468 children were given Vit A.
    o The mass vaccination campaign for measles and polio in Sa’ada governorate which was planned to start on 26th was delayed due unavoidable reasons. The campaign will now start on 10th July. The campaign will target more than 200,000 children under 5 years in 15 districts of governorate in two phases (phase one 8 districts and phase two 7 districts).
    o Two positive cases form vibreo cholera were reported by disease surveillance team from Aden. Both cases were IDPs from Abyan living in schools.
    o WHO has assisted the health department in Abyan to distribute the vaccines for routine vaccination to all districts but unfortunately only three districts (Rosad, Sabah and Serar) received the vaccines and more efforts are still being exerted to mobilize the vaccines to all districts.

    Distribution and coverage of mobile teams with total consultation since beginning as of 30th June
    Mobile team Location Coverage areas Consultation
    Mobile team No. 1 Aden Al-Mansoura Dist + Little Aden District 840
    Mobile team No. 2 Aden Sheikh Othman District 680
    Mobile team No. 3 Aden Khormaksar Dist + Seera Dist + Mulla Dist + Tawahi Dist 593
    Mobile team No. 4 Aden Dar Saad District 326
    Mobile team No. 5 Lahj Tuban Dist 1259
    Mobile team No. 6 Lahj Al-Houttah Dist 505
    Total 4,268

     The WASH interventions in 15 schools were completed last week. The schools were allocated by WASH cluster to WHO for rehabilitation and maintenance of sewage system, hand washing facilities, latrines and installation of cold drinking water system
     WHO supporting Al-Naqeeb hospital (private hospital) with WHO Life saving drugs for casualties , and 500 sack IV fluids
    • WHO in collaboration with Health Department in Aden and Lahj finalized the microplans for measles/polio/VitA vaccination campaign, targeted all IDPs children under 5 years and most direct host community
    • WHO has supported Health department in Aden and Lahj to activate Early Warning and Rapid Response System for disease outbreak. The health department in the three governorates is now sustaining Daily reporting on the diarrheal disease including (Al Razi hospital and Shokra hospital in Abyan).
    • As a preventive measure and in order to contain the diarrhea/cholera outbreak, WHO in coordination with UNICEF and collaboration with NGOs (Relief committed in Aden for Abyan IDPs and Field Medical Unit), is rehabilitating Water and Sanitation facilities in 8 schools.
    • WHO in collaboration with UNICEF and Health department is conducting training for community volunteers from WHO-supported Basic Development Needs Program on chlorination of water tanks at houses, awareness and treatment of mild diarrhea.

    Abyan: The situation in Abyan still unclear most of department of health staff is living outside the governorate. There are 741 individual IDPs living in Khnafer district. The Al-Razi and Shukra hospital are reported to be non-functional due to security reasons. Most of the private health care provider remained functional in the area and are the only source of health services. On 27th June WHO sent a supply of 4000 ORS, 1000 tablet doxycycline and 150 bags of intravenous fluids to support the facilities.

    WHO community health volunteers of BDN program continued working in three districts of Abyan i.e. Khnafar, Shukra and Ahwar. In addition to ongoing health education campaign these workers has distributed chlorine tablets for house hold level water chlorination to 3000 families.

    Lahj: As of 26th June are 11,890 individual IDPs living mainly in districts of Lahj i.e. Al- Houttah and Tobamn. WHO is supporting 15 small medical teams (one medical assistant and one midwife) of local department of health to deliver PHC services to IPDs in these areas. As of 30th June these mobile team has reported 1,764 consultations. Diarrhea, skin infections and respiratory tract infection remained the main cause of sickness

    WHO is also supporting the referral health facilities for treatment of chronic illnesses such as diabetes, asthma, hypertension heart diseases etc. Last week 01 trauma kit A and 01 trauma Kit B (medicines and supplies for trauma management of 100 severe cases weighing 1900 Kg), 01 Interagency Emergency health kit (one IEHK sufficient for 30,000 population for one month and weighing 1 metric ton medicine and supplies for primary health care services) to health office in Lahj to support the hospital in Lahj.
    Measles / Polio Vaccination Campaign for IDPs and surrounding areas:
    Polio vaccine
    5 years and other vulnerable groups not yet completed.
    o The extent of malnutrition among IDPs is not yet fully studied to design appropriate interventions
    Summary of next steps/recommendations
    o Nutrition screening of children > 5 years old to continue in Aden, Lahj and Abyan when security allows.
    o Establishment of a nutrition programme
    o UNICEF to come up with clear criteria /TOR for those mobile team and mechanism of referral cases to OTP or TFC (if the results come up with GAM more than 5% + the availability of aggravating factor, and refusal of referral, the direct intervention to IDPs will be needed via Mobile Clinic.)
    o WHO to update sub-cluster on number of cases screened and referred on weekly basis and shared with UNICEF for circulation.

    PROTECTION/CHILD PROTECTION

    Humanitarian needs/response
    o The following categories among the IDPs population have been identified as most severely suffering the current dramatic situation and therefore at high protection risk: children 0-5 and in particular new born; pregnant women; elderly; persons with physical disabilities; and sick and injured persons. As per Intersos assessment; the level of vulnerability has been estimated at 14.25% among the IDP population. Children 0-4 years (5%), pregnant women (2%), elderly (4%), persons with physical disabilities (0.25%) and the sick or injured (3%). In addition due to the traumatic experience faced and the current difficult living conditions, attention to the psychological safety and wellbeing of the target population is highly required.
    o In terms of response, child protection has been stepped up. A total of 100 teachers and social workers have been trained in Aden on psycho-social support and the protection of children from violence, as well as codes of conduct. The Child Friendly Spaces programme has been launched in Lahj and Aden since June 13th. A total of four hundred children are benefiting from the establishment of day care and preschool centres in Aden.

    o Joint protection monitoring missions by cluster members are on going and reported are being shared regularly.

    o Hussein from Intersos is the focal point for protection now at schools, he is informed by registration team about various needs that may arise and in case of need, he calls to the cluster leads to address those needs

    o Schools’ capacity assessment have been carried on request of the Minister for IDPs Al Kohlani, results are still being worked on but 70 % of the schools are already full (46 schools in total)

    o NFI distribution was is still ongoing by some of the NGOs

    Challenges/gaps
    o The IDPs have faced traumatic experience and the current difficult living conditions necessitate attention to the psychological safety and wellbeing.
    o There are cases of female headed households that need special support
    o Some IDPs lost individual and school documentation during fight
    o Some IDPs have complained on an equal distribution of assistance by various agencies; lack of food and non food items
    o ExU is very slow in registration of the IDPs inside of host community and data cleaning from registration done by the agencies and NGOs; they should be responsible for the lead of assistance to the IDPs too
    Summary of next steps/recommendations
    o Gender/age based desegregated data needs to be included in to the registration lists that would help in return to determine key indicators on the total numbers of impoverished vulnerable IDP groups i.e. men, women and children to ensure assistance delivery in time especially for those with special needs (pregnant/lactating & under-5 children).
    o Detailed individual assessment of vulnerability among the population
    o Provision of assistance to all vulnerable persons as per assessment results
    o Intersos will launch a program for identification of the vulnerable IDPs and offer assistance (first for 150 individuals)/referral/counseling
    o Schools’ capacity assessment to be finished and shared with Minister Al Kohlani to see how many families can still fit in the schools

    SHELTER/NFIS (NON FOOD ITEMS) CLUSTER

    Humanitarian needs/response
    o At the moment IDPs in Aden are shelters in 46 schools while others are hosted by relatives and friends. In Lahj, many IDPs reside with host families although 11 schools is also open.
    o As per WFP rapid assessment results, a large number of IDPs fled without their assets. 35% of households assessed confirmed that their primary needs are clothes, 40% food rations including paediatric milk & cold potable water, 20% NFIs (mattresses, bed sheets, sanitary pads, towels, soaps, washing powder, jerry cans etc.), hygiene & cleansing materials/agents.
    o The distribution of NFIs is on-going. UNHCR and IOM have so far distributed 1585 packs for 11474 IDPs.
    Challenges/gaps
    o The distribution of NFIs is ongoing, however IDPs are scattered in remote villages in Lahj and Abyan where they are difficult to reach; in Abyan also the security situation is complication the aid delivery
    o Despite the efforts of international and national humanitarian actors as well as the prompt and generous response of the civil society, thousands of IDPs still suffer from the lack of essential daily life commodities. The distribution of emergency NFIs kits, urgent basic needs of identified extremely vulnerable individuals is crucial.
    o Content of hygiene kits and NFIs is very different from each agency which may create problems between the IDPs, they shall be unified
    o IDPs moving between schools or from schools to host community and vice versa which is complicating the targeting of IDPs for aid delivery
    o UNHCR agreed to start distributing 14.000 mattresses, but only to the newly registered IDPs, which might again create problems among the previously registered, who are sleeping 4 weeks on the floor
    Summary of next steps/recommendations
    o Develop a contingency plan for shelter for IDPs if the schools will be full or if the school year starts
    o Continuation of basic NFIs needs assessment and distribution for vulnerable IDPs in schools and host community
    Many thanks
    Best
    Harun
    …………………………………………………..
    Harun Mohamed

    Mobile2:+967 733991281
    Skype:harun_mohamed

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